When the USMCA was first announced the day after the agreement, it was said that the agreement would eliminate the customs risks of goods worth about $1.2 trillion per year. The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his campaign by announcing his candidacy for president in November 1979.  Canada and the United States signed the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, and shortly thereafter, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari decided to address U.S. President George H.W. Bush to propose a similar agreement to make foreign investment after the Latin American debt crisis.  When the two leaders began negotiations, the Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney feared that the benefits that Canada had gained through the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement would be undermined by a bilateral agreement between the United States and Mexico, and asked to be associated with the U.S.-Mexico talks.  – September 1, 2017: In the week leading up to the second round of talks in Mexico, which begins on September 1, Trump had repeatedly stated that he would likely complete the agreement if negotiations did not go its way.
Mexico has said it will no longer be on the table if Trump begins the PROCESS of withdrawing from NAFTA. U.S. Crude Oil Imports, 1993: Current $37.8 Billion In 2009, the United States had a trade surplus with NAFTA countries of $28.3 billion for services and, in 2010, a trade deficit of $94.6 billion (36.4% per year) for goods. This trade deficit represented 26.8% of the total U.S. trade deficit.  A 2018 study on international trade published by the Center for International Relations identified irregularities in NAFTA trade patterns using network theory analysis techniques. The study showed that the U.S. trade balance was influenced by the potential for tax evasion in Ireland.  Finally, NAFTA created the framework for trade in North American countries.
Although the creation of the Free Trade Agreement has had good and bad results, there is no question of the increase in cross-border trade. Put in place effective procedures for the implementation and implementation of this agreement, for its joint management and for the settlement of disputes. President Trump was a strong advocate of renegotiating or abolishing the treaty, saying the agreement was unfair to the United States. Clothing manufacturing is another sector that has been particularly affected by offshoring. Total employment in this sector has declined by nearly 85% since NAFTA was signed, but according to the Department of Commerce, Mexico was only the sixth largest source of textile imports in 2019, at $4.1 billion. The country was still behind other international producers, including, but it is difficult to say whether NAFTA is directly responsible for this decline. The automotive industry is generally considered to be one of the most affected by the agreement.