Until the ratification of the new constitution, the country was governed by the articles of Confederation. This document was adapted to a newly formed nation made up of states that behaved more like independent and sovereign countries, and some of the American leaders quickly realized that future stability required a stronger, more centralized government. So New Yorker Alexander Hamilton led the call for a constitutional convention to re-evaluate the nation`s government document. The Confederate Congress approved his initiative, and representatives of the 13 states were then invited to meet in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787, to participate in the Convention. Anti-federalists feared that the constitution would lead to an overly centralized government and restrict individual rights and freedoms. They tried to amend the Constitution, especially with a bill of rights as a precondition for ratification. Federalists have insisted that states must accept or reject the document as it is written. Another influential newspaper was “Federalist No. 14,” in which Madison took action from the United States, declared it appropriate for an enlarged republic, and ended with a memorable defense of the constitutional and political creativity of the federal assembly.
Also in “Federalist No. 39,” Madison presented the clearest account of what has been called “federalism.” Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay wrote a series of essays popularly known as The Federalist Papers that supported ratification and attacked the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. The men admitted that the constitution was not perfect, but argued that it was far superior to any other proposal. The essays examined the draft constitution, defended its provisions, and described how its control and balance would prevent abuses of power. Federalists defended the weaker members of the Constitution (such as the current absence of an individual bill of rights) by suggesting that the current guarantees were sufficient and that Congress could always propose amendments later. Each State should hold a convention to discuss and ratify or reject the Constitution. The Constitution was proposed in September 1787, and by the end of the year, states that were supportive of it (including Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut) had quickly ratified it. However, some vital States did not ratify within a year; These included Massachusetts, New York and Virginia. Massachusetts eventually ratified it by a narrow margin from 187 to 168.
Maryland and South Carolina also ratified it, and then New Hampshire issued the important ninth ratification. The Senate has approved the ratification of one of the most controversial treaties in U.S. history under Washington`s administration. At the urging of Federalist Party senators, the president sent Chief Justice John Jay to London to settle outstanding disputes with Britain. Washington did not consult with the entire Senate before seeking advice and approval of the treaty concluded, known as the Jay Treaty. Opponents of the treaty, mainly Jeffersonian Republicans, supported New York Senator Aaron Burr`s motion to resume negotiations on a number of specific proposals, but Federalist senators rejected this plan and obtained approval for the controversial Jay Treaty on June 24, 1795. to implement some of its provisions, but the appropriation was finally passed by the House on April 30, 1796 by a narrow majority. This was a decisive victory for the Senate`s unique and vital role in drafting the treaty.
Some in the opposition felt that the central government was sufficient according to the articles of confederation. .